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Toothache during pregnancy

Pregnant Women With Tooth Ache

The journey into motherhood is quite interesting and very intriguing but as the months pass by, it is accompanied by some common problems that can cause you a lot of pain. One common condition is toothache during pregnancy, and you’re likely to experience this pain just like the back and abdominal pain. Many factors cause this toothache in pregnancy, but fortunately, there are treatment measures you can adopt to relieve the symptoms. Read on to learn more!

What causes Toothache during Pregnancy?

As your baby grows in your womb, your body goes through lots of changes that can contribute to toothache during pregnancy. The increased blood flow and hormonal alteration during this period can directly or indirectly cause oral infections that can trigger a toothache. More so, your teeth and gum becomes very sensitive and gets exposed to bacterial loads during pregnancy.

However, below are some of the common causes of toothache during pregnancy:

1. Early morning Nausea or Vomiting

During pregnancy, your diet changes in quality (that is, you eat more of highly nutritious food as recommended by your gynecologist) and also in terms of quantity (you tend to eat more or even less at intervals).

Eating at intervals, hence, makes your teeth more defenseless to cavities unless you brush after every meal. But it is quite not easy to do because you consume more sugary food during your conception stage and the later times of the pregnancy.

Furthermore, when you vomit, your stomach produces an acid capable of causing enamel erosion, and your saliva tends to be highly acidic too, thereby encouraging toothache during pregnancy.

2.  Increased blood flow

As a pregnant woman, your body system does not provide support for you alone but also for your unborn baby, and this increases the blood flow in your body, thereby causing your sensitive and swollen gums to be susceptible to touch.

More so, eating rather hot or cold food can trigger the sensitivity the more, especially when you have not experienced this before (meaning that the pain is not a function of food temperature).

3.  Hormonal Change

The hormonal activity in the placenta is what facilitates the prominent physiological changes you experience as a pregnant woman. This hormonal level can increase 10 times its average level.

The pregnancy hormone -progesterone- possesses some immunodeficiency properties, capable of affecting your body reactions. And this may eventually lead to periodontal infection together with tooth and gum aches.

4.  Calcium Deficiency in Diet

Deficiency of calcium in your diet can cause toothache during Pregnancy. When you eat less calcium as it is required by the body, the entire bones in the body system becomes weakened, which also affects the teeth greatly.

Types of Toothache you may Experience during Pregnancy

The pain from toothache may last for weeks, few days, and sometimes for a few hours, and this may affect your gums, teeth, jaws, and even trigger headaches and earaches. Few of the types of toothache you may experience are:


This is the most common toothache in pregnant women. The pain becomes worse when you have bacterial plaque or when food particles get clogged in between your teeth holes. Also, it becomes aggravated by an increase in progesterone and estrogen level in your body. This causes your gum to bleed, but without any severity.

Famous Cavity

Suffering from cavities does not necessarily mean that your hygiene is low or poor, but it can be as a result of the hormonal changes in your body system.

Cavities when not treated may lead to a very severe infection or even tooth loss. Teeth cavity whether severe or not will cause you a serious toothache.

Wisdom Tooth

The growth of wisdom teeth can cause you lots of pains, especially when the teeth are not well-arranged or have less space for proper growth. This wisdom tooth can trigger gum inflammation, which can give rise to headaches and earaches.

Home remedies for toothache during pregnancy

You can treat toothache during pregnancy using some home remedies, including:

Garlic: This helps to reduce pain and discomfort coming from a toothache during pregnancy when you apply it directly to the affected area causing the pain.

Saltwater: As a pregnant woman, measure a teaspoon of salt into slightly warm water, pour a small quantity of the salt solution into your mouth, and gaggle it for few seconds. This helps to expel bacteria from the gum and your mouth when you repeat the process a few times.

Aloe Vera: If you use Aloe Vera, it will decrease bacterial development and as well reduce any form of gum swelling affecting your teeth. This is due to the antibacterial and antifungal properties of this plant.

Cold Compress: When you apply a cold cloth or even ice pack on the particular area causing you discomfort, it will help reduce any form of gum swelling and will also help to ease toothache. However, be careful not to allow the ice to touch your bare teeth- ice itself can cause discomfort when your dentition gets so cold.

Milk: You can support your gum health during pregnancy by drinking milk. This is recommended for you because it has a desirable quantity of calcium as well as Vitamin K. Besides, it helps to reduce bleeding gum and inflammation. Hence, try to drink warm milk a few times daily.

Baking Soda: When you brush with baking soda, it does not only help to neutralize acids but to also prevent decay and bacteria. But, ensure you brush your teeth with tenderness and care because you may scrap your enamel away when you brush too hard with a baking soda.

Clove: This gives you quick and instantaneous relief when you apply the clove oil to the affected place. Clove is a natural antiseptic.

Proper Hygiene: To avoid toothache during pregnancy, you need to brush your teeth regularly using inter-dental brushes. This will help remove all the clogged food particles from the teeth holes. However, avoid using harsh brushes, especially when you have gingivitis, to avoid cavities pile up in there.

Improve your Diet: The major cause of toothache during pregnancy is the excess consumption of sugar. This causes bacteria to build up in the mouth, leading to decay and aches. Hence, avoid sugary foods like chocolates, beverages, sweets, and a host of others. Nevertheless, when you do, brush thoroughly and brush at intervals.

See a Dentist: Always go for your dental checkups as at when due because your well-being is not only considered important to you as an expectant mother but to your unborn baby too. It takes a healthy mother to give birth to a healthy child.

Final Remark

Toothaches during pregnancy is a common condition that you may likely encounter as your baby grows in your womb. This can be caused by nausea, vomiting, calcium deficiency, hormonal changes, and increased blood flow. But luckily, the earlier mentioned remedies are considered to be of great help to you if you experience a toothache in pregnancy. However, the most prescribed measure is to go see a dentist or book an appointment with a dental hygienist to get a proper check-up and treatment.