12 Weeks Pregnant - Baby Development, Pregnancy Symptoms & Tips
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How Big Is My Baby At 12 Weeks Pregnant?
Your baby’s eyelids are fused together and the baby is about the size of a plum. The baby is about 2.13 inches long and weighs about 0.49 ounces.
- The nerves and muscles begin to function together and the baby can make a fist.
- The external sex organs show your baby’s gender.
- Eyelids close to protect the developing eyes. They will not open again until the 28thweek.
- Head growth has slowed, and your baby is much longer now.
- Vocal cords have developed.
- Kidneys start producing urine.
- Tiny fingernails and toenails start to grow.
12 Weeks Pregnant Symptoms
Fatigue: You may continue to be bothered by fatigue and tiredness during this week. This happens as your body works extra hard to support the growing baby. This happens despite having a good night’s sleep. This is normal and is not a cause of worry at all. This is your body’s way of telling you that you need more rest. Your fatigue and tiredness will decrease in the second trimester.
Breast Changes: Your breasts may continue to be tender and sore in this week. They also may increase in size and fullness. Your areolas may also darken during this time.
Dizziness: Many pregnant women experience dizziness and lightheadedness throughout their pregnancy. Sometimes you may feel that you are about to fall or faint. These symptoms are caused by many different reasons. The growth of more blood vessels in early pregnancy, the pressure of the expanding uterus on blood vessels, and the body’s increased need for food all can contribute to make a pregnant woman feel lightheaded and dizzy.
Heightened Sense Of Smell: A heightened sense of smell may make you averse to certain smells.
Excessive Saliva: You will continue to have excessive saliva in your mouth. This happens to neutralize acidity in your mouth caused by morning sickness and heartburn.
Bloating And Gas: Bloating and gas occur as the progesterone hormone relaxes the gastrointestinal tract, causing slowing of the digestion process.
Bleeding Gums: If you have you noticed your gums bleeding, it could be pregnancy gingivitis. Pregnancy hormones can make your teeth more vulnerable to plaque, leaving you with swollen, bleeding gums.
Increased Vaginal Discharge: May experience increased vaginal discharge during this week. This happens due to hormonal changes and to prevent infections from reaching the uterus. It is normal and is not a cause to worry. Call your doctor if it is heavy, colored, tinged with blood, has a foul odor, or causes discomfort.
Frequent Urination: Needing to pee frequently will continue and is a common and constant problem during the entire pregnancy. Pregnant women commonly experience temporary bladder control problems in pregnancy. Baby in your womb baby pushes down on the bladder, urethra, and pelvic floor muscles. This pressure can lead to more frequent need to urinate, as well as leaking of urine when sneezing, coughing, or laughing.
12 Weeks Pregnant: Tips For A Healthy Pregnancy
- Wear breathable loose clothes to make your expanding body feel comfortable.
- Start wearing a nursing bra to accommodate your enlarged breasts.
- Continue to follow good prenatal habits like eating healthy food and taking folic acid and prenatal vitamins daily.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
- Avoid eating unhealthy foods, such as deep fried foods, salty and sugary foods, unpasteurized dairy foods, undercooked meat and eggs, and mercury-laden fish.
- Avoid long and strenuous physical activity or exercises.
- Limit coffee or any other caffeine consumption.
- Don’t sleep immediately after eating dinner.
- Quit smoking, drinking alcohol, and using illicit drugs if you have not stopped yet.
- Start doing Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. These exercises will help with delivery and recovery after the birth. If you don’t know how to do Kegel exercises, talk with your doctor.
- Avoid taking any medicines or herbs without your doctor’s clearance.
- Spend time with family, friends, and other loved ones to keep stress at bay.
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