13 Weeks Pregnant - Baby Development, Pregnancy Symptoms & Tips
Table of Contents
How Big Is My Baby At 13 Weeks Pregnant?
Your baby can make facial expressions and is about the size of a peach. The baby is about 2.91inches long and weighs about 0.81 ounces.
- Most organs, nerves, and muscles have developed and are beginning to work together.
- Bone tissue is developing in the head, arms, and legs.
- Eyes and ears are clearly defined, but eyelids are closed to protect the eyes.
- Lips and nose are fully developed and baby can make facial expressions.
- Circulatory system is working to clear toxins from the baby’s body.
- The placenta is growing and getting ready to feed and nourish the baby.
13 Weeks Pregnant Symptoms
Food Cravings And Aversions: You will continue to have strong urge to eat certain foods which you never liked earlier. You will also develop aversion to once your favorite foods. It is normal during pregnancy.
Increase In Energy: There will be a surge in your energy level as the morning sickness vanishes by the beginning of the second trimester. You will love the second trimester, as it is known to be least symptomatic and the most energetic.
Dizziness: Many pregnant women experience dizziness and lightheadedness throughout their pregnancy. Sometimes you may feel that you are about to fall or faint. These symptoms are caused by many different reasons. The growth of more blood vessels in early pregnancy, the pressure of the expanding uterus on blood vessels, and the body’s increased need for food all can contribute to make a pregnant woman feel lightheaded and dizzy.
Heartburn: Your may experience heartburn due to pregnancy hormones relaxing the valve that separates the esophagus from the stomach. This causes food and acids to come back up from the stomach to the esophagus. The food and acid causes the burning feeling of heartburn.
Increased Vaginal Discharge: May experience increased vaginal discharge during this week. This happens to prevent infections from reaching the uterus. It is normal and is not a cause to worry. Call your doctor if it is heavy, colored, tinged with blood, has a foul odor, or causes discomfort.
Bloating And Gas: Bloating and gas occur as the progesterone hormone relaxes the gastrointestinal tract, causing slowing of the digestion process.
Constipation: Many pregnant women experience constipation (difficulty moving your bowels). Constipation is when you are having hard and dry stools, fewer than three bowel movements per week, and painful bowel movements. This happens due to relaxation of muscles in bowels and slowing down of the digestive process by pregnancy hormones.
Frequent Urination: Needing to pee frequently is caused by pregnancy hormone hCG, which increases blood flow to your kidneys. It is also caused by exertion of pressure on the bladder by your expanding uterus.
13 Weeks Pregnant: Tips For A Healthy Pregnancy
- Continue to follow good prenatal habits like eating healthy food and taking folic acid and prenatal vitamins daily.
- Stay adequately hydrated by drinking plenty of water.
- Avoid eating unhealthy foods, such as deep fried foods, salty and sugary foods, unpasteurized dairy foods, undercooked meat and eggs, and mercury-laden fish.
- Avoid taking any medicines or herbs without your doctor’s clearance.
- Avoid long and strenuous physical activity or exercise.
- Limit coffee or any other caffeine consumption.
- Don’t sleep immediately after eating dinner.
- Quit smoking, drinking alcohol, and using illicit drugs if you have not stopped yet.
- Wear breathable loose clothes to make your expanding body feel more comfortable.
- Start wearing a nursing bra to accommodate your enlarged breasts.
- Start doing Kegel exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles. These exercises will help with delivery and recovery after the birth. If you don’t know how to do Kegel exercises, talk with your doctor.
- Spend time with family, friends, and other loved ones to keep stress at bay.
- Read whatever you can about second semester.
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