Miscarriages are uncommon today, despite it being one of the most dreadful conditions in childbearing. Studies show that about 10% of early pregnancies end as miscarriage even before the twentieth week. However, real number may be higher if some women know they are pregnant before having a miscarriage.
What is Miscarriage?
A miscarriage, otherwise called a spontaneous abortion, is a pregnancy that ends suddenly in the early weeks or within the first three months.
Many factors can lead to miscarriage; however, you barely have control over them. Nonetheless, it is good to know the causes and available treatment options for this event.
What Are the Signs of Miscarriage?
A miscarriage usually comes with different symptoms depending on your stage of pregnancy. You can even have a miscarriage without knowing that you’re pregnant.
Here are some common symptoms of spontaneous abortion:
- Mild or severe back pain
- Vaginal bleeding
- Severe cramping or abdominal pain
- Heavy spotting
- Discharge of fluids or tissue from your vagina
These symptoms call for urgent medical attention. So if you notice any, make sure you inform your doctor to get a proper test.
What are the Causes of Miscarriage?
Miscarriage generally is not the result of what you do or didn’t do. Many factors increase your risk of miscarriage, and if you’re having difficulty keeping your pregnancy, your doctor may assess you with some known causes of miscarriage.
That being said, it is important to know that your body supplies nutrients and hormones to your growing baby, and this helps the baby grow healthily. However, many miscarriages in the first trimester happen due to abnormal development of the fetus.
Several factors are implicated in miscarriage including:
- Genetic or chromosome factors: Normally, in a developing fetus, one chromosome is contributed by the father and one by the mother. But some chromosomal abnormalities can result in miscarriage, and these include:
- Molar pregnancy: Both chromosomes are contributed by the father alone. This leaves no fetal development
- Intrauterine fetal demise: The embryo stops developing before symptoms of pregnancy become visible, leading to pregnancy loss.
- Partial molar pregnancy: The father contributes two chromosomes and the mother also contributes one.
- Blighted ovum: There is no formation of the embryo at all.
Some problems with the placenta can also cause miscarriage. More so, errors can occur due to damaged sperm cells.
Lifestyle choices and underlying conditions
Your lifestyle choices and some underlying health conditions can also trigger a miscarriage. Don’t be deceived, neither sexual intercourse nor interfere with fetal development. Working also does not have any counter effect, unless you get exposed to radiation or harmful chemicals.
Here are some conditions that can interfere with fetus development and cause miscarriage:
- Abnormally shaped fetus
- Malnutrition, or poor diet
- Untreated thyroid disease
- Advanced maternal age
- Problems with the cervix
- Food poisoning
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Issues with hormones
- Certain medications
How Can You Prevent Miscarriage?
You may not have full control over some miscarriage, but there are still some steps you can take to maintain a healthy fetal development, including:
- Eat well-balanced diets with lots of vegetables and fruits
- Register for prenatal care and follow up throughout your pregnancy
- Keep a healthy weight before and during your pregnancy period
- Do not take more than 200 milligrams of caffeine per day
- Avoid smoking, drugs, and alcohol during your pregnancy period
- Keep good hygiene to prevent infection, and stay away from sick people
- Take a good amount of prenatal vitamins to keep you and your baby well-nourished.
A miscarriage is often sudden and unexpected; hence, you may not have full control over it. It is usually a result of chromosomal abnormality that interferes with fetal development. However, you can always try some preventive measures above to reduce the risk of having a miscarriage.
More so, always remember that having a miscarriage doesn’t mean you would not become pregnant again in the future. Most times, women who miscarry don’t get to experience it again, meaning they have healthy pregnancies afterwards. But always ensure you go for checkups throughout your pregnancy period.